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Essential Climate Variables

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  • These data consist of sets of 3-dimensional gridpoint analyses of the stratosphere which are produced by the Met Office using data from the TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS) instruments onboard the NOAA (National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration) operational polar orbiters. TOVS consists of 3 instruments, the Stratospheric Sounding Unit (SSU) the Microwave Sounding Unit (MSU) and the High Resolution Infrared Sounder (HIRS). Daily radiance and geopotential height data are available on a 5 degree latitude / longitude global grid from December 1978 to April 1997. Software is provided to derive potential vorticity. Access permission required so that PI can monitor usage of data.

  • The 20th Century Reanalysis dataset provides 6 hourly analyses on a global grid from 1870 to present produced from a series of 56-member ensemble runs. These data are the from each of the 56 ensemble members from the run covering 1911 to 1915. These data were produced on a 2 degree latitude-longitude (180x91) global grid and include data both at the surface and on pressure levels. The dataset authors request that the following acknowledgment be included in all papers using the dataset: 'Support for the Twentieth Century Reanalysis Project dataset is provided by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (DOE INCITE - http://www.doeleadershipcomputing.org/incite-program/ ) program, and Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER - http://science.energy.gov/ber/ ), and by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Climate Program Office (http://www.climate.noaa.gov/).'

  • The Atmospheric Chemistry Studies in the Oceanic Environment (ACSOE) was a 5-year Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) programme on tropospheric chemistry coordinated by the University of East Anglia and involving research groups from a number of UK universities and research institutes. The project had three consortia of UK institutes and universities, each of which focused on a different scientific topic. OXICOA (OXIdising Capacity of the Ocean Atmosphere) was a study of oxidant, radical and related gas-phase chemistry in the clean and moderately polluted marine atmosphere. The FREETEX (Free Troposphere Experiment) campaigns as part of ACSOE-OXICOA were carried to collect data. The dataset includes measurements of ozone (O3, NOx, NOy, HNO3, PAN, CO, HO2 + RO2, HCHO, VOCs, etc.), at the Jungfraujoch High Alpine Research Station (3,580m above sea level) over a five-week period in 1996 and again in 1998.

  • Data from observations made at the Cape Verde Atmospheric Observatory (CVAO) which exists to advance understanding of climatically significant interactions between the atmosphere and ocean and to provide a regional focal point and long-term data. The observatory is based on Calhau Island of São Vicente, Cape Verde at 16.848N, 24.871W, in the tropical Eastern North Atlantic Ocean, a region which is data poor but plays a key role in atmosphere-ocean interactions of climate-related and biogeochemical parameters including greenhouse gases. It is an open-ocean site that is representative of a region likely to be sensitive to future climate change, and is minimally influenced by local effects and intermittent continental pollution. The dataset contains meteorological measurements (wind speed and wind direction).

  • Data from the operational NWP (Numerical Weather Prediction) output from the North Atlantic European (NAE) part of the Met Office Unified Model. The NAE model runs on a grid centred around the UK. Analyses and first forecast steps are stored to give an hourly resolution for 6 hours following each analysis time-step. This archive currently holds data from January 2012 onwards but data will be back populated for earlier years.

  • Data from the operational NWP (Numerical Weather Prediction) output from the North Atlantic European (NAE) part of the Met Office Unified Model. The NAE model runs on a grid centred around the UK. Analyses and first forecast steps are stored to give an hourly resolution for 6 hours following each analysis time-step. This archive currently holds data from January 2012 onwards but data will be back populated for earlier years.

  • Data from the operational NWP (Numerical Weather Prediction) output from the North Atlantic European (NAE) part of the Met Office Unified Model. The NAE model runs on a grid centred around the UK. Analyses and first forecast steps are stored to give an hourly resolution for 6 hours following each analysis time-step. This archive currently holds data from January 2012 onwards but data will be back populated for earlier years.

  • The Climateprediction.net project is harnessing the spare CPU cycles of tens of thousands of individual users' PCs to run a massive ensemble of climate simulations using the Met Office's Unified Model. A multi-thousand member ensemble of simulation results from the perturbed physics climate sensitivity experiment is available for research purposes.

  • Numerical model data from the Hadley Centre coupled model (HadCM3) Control Run. Please note that these data have now been superceeded by the data from the main BADC HadCM3 archive. The current dataset covers 100 years (2079 - 2178), and contains all atmospheric and oceanic fields derived from the HadCM3 model. A 1000 year dataset (1849-2849) of model data for selected parameters has also been retrieved from the Met Office and stored at the BADC.

  • Marine Boundary Layer Ammonia and Nitrogen Dioxide Data from Various Sites (categorised as hd) Tenerife, Spain collected as part of the HILLCLOUD-96 field campaign. The data were collected as part of the HILLCLOUD-96 experiment of the Atmospheric Chemistry Studies in the Oceanic Environment (ACSOE) Programme's Aerosol Characterisation Experiment (ACE) project. The HILLCLOUD experiments utilised a hill cap cloud which forms over a ridge on the north east of the island of Tenerife was used as a natural flow through reactor. The dataset contains the size distribution, size dependent chemical composition and hygroscopic properties of the marine and modified continental aerosol arriving at the North coast of the island.