"Improving our ability to predict rapid changes in the El Nino Southern Oscillation climatic phenomenon" project, which was a Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) RAPID Climate Change Research Programme project (Round 1 - NER/T/S/2002/00443 - Duration 1 Jan 2004 - 30 Sep 2007) led by Prof Alexander Tudhope of the University of Edinburgh, with co-investigators at the Scottish Universities Environment Research Centre, Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, and the University of Reading. This dataset collection contains meteorology and ocean model outputs from FAMOUS model. The objective was to use a combination of palaeoclimate reconstruction from annually-banded corals and the fully coupled HadCM3 atmosphere-ocean general circulation model to develop an understanding of the controls on variability in the strength and frequency of ENSO, and to improve our ability to predict the likelihood of future rapid changes in this important element of the climate system. To achieve this, we targeted three periods:0-2.5 ka: Representative of near-modern climate forcing; revealing the internal variability in the system.6-9 ka: a period of weak or absent ENSO, and different orbital forcing; a test of the model's ability to capture externally-forced change in ENSO.200-2100 AD: by using the palaeo periods to test and optimise model parameterisation, produce a new, improved, prediction of ENSO variability in a warming world. Rapid Climate Change (RAPID) was a £20 million, six-year (2001-2007) programme for the Natural Environment Research Council. The programme aimed to improve the ability to quantify the probability and magnitude of future rapid change in climate, with a main (but not exclusive) focus on the role of the Atlantic Ocean's Thermohaline Circulation.
Surface wind measurements are available from the Vaisala WXT510 surface meteorology instrument deployed at the Natural Environment Research Council's (NERC) Mesosphere-Stratosphere-Troposphere (MST) Radar Facility, Capel Dewi, near Aberystwyth in West Wales from 2007 to 2015. Wind speed and direction are measured by a WINDCAP (R) sensor which consists of an array of three equally-spaced ultrasonic transducers. These transducers are situated approximately 11 cm apart in a horizontal plane, leading to minimum, mean, and maximum values of speed and direction to be recorded. Data are available in netCDF formatted data files to all CEDA registered users under the UK Open Government licence. This instrument has since been replaced by a Vaisala WXT520 surface meteorology instrument at the site. Note - the wind data from this instrument are known to be highly constrained by the valley topography in which the instrument is sited. As such it should not be used as a representation of the broad scale wind field, but may be of interest to those wishing to study valley flows.
HiGEM (High Resolution Global Environmental Modelling) is a UK programme in between NERC (Natural Environment Research Council) and the Hadley Centre of the Met Office. The aim is to advance in the fidelity of simulations of the global environment by taking the new Met Office climate model (HadGEM1a) to unprecedented resolutions. The resulting simulations aim to improve our understanding of mechanisms of climate variability and change on timescales of days to centuries.
Data from the Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling & Analysis CGCM3-1-T47 simulations
Cascade was a NERC funded consortium project to study organized convection and scale interactions in the tropical atmosphere using large domain cloud system resolving model simulations. The xfncl simulation was made using the Met Office Unified Model (UM) at 1.5km resolution over the domain 40E-183E, 22S-22N which encompasses the Indian Ocean West Pacific Warm Pool. Cascade Warm Pool simulations coincide with the Year of Tropical Convection. This dataset contains Warm Pool 1.5km model measurements from xfncl run.
Data from the MOHC (Met Office Hadley Centre) HadCM3 simulations
Data from the Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research Bergen Climate Model (BCM) Version 2 simulations
Data from the Model for Interdisciplinary Research on Climate MIROC3.2(medres) simulations
Data from the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory,NOAA CM2.1 - AOGCM simulations
Cascade was a NERC funded consortium project to study organized convection and scale interactions in the tropical atmosphere using large domain cloud system resolving model simulations. This dataset contains data from the xfixa simulation which ran using the Met Office Unified Model (UM) at 12km horizontal resolution over the domain 20W-20E, 5S-28N which encompasses the west african monsoon. Cascade Africa simulations are used to study African Easterly Waves. This dataset contains 4km Africa model measurements from xfixa run.