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  • These climate projections for the North-West European Shelf Seas update the shelf seas component of UKCP09 Marine Report (Lowe et al, 2009) and were funded by the MINERVA project. This dataset contains ensemble statistics for model output based on the QUMP (Quantifying Uncertainties in Model Projections) ensemble of HadCM3 (Hadley Centre Coupled Model version 3) runs downscaled with the POLCOMS (Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory Coastal Ocean Modelling System) under SRES A1B (Special Report on Emissons Scenarios - A1B business-as-usual with medium emissions) conditions, from 1952-2098 for which 30-year means anomalies have been calculated from monthly mean data for each of the 12 months. A Perturbed Physics Ensemble (PPE) of HadCM3 has been downscaled with the shelf seas model POLCOMS. Each of the 11 ensemble members has been downscaled as transient simulations (from 1952-2098) under the SRES A1B emissions scenario. The PPE (QUMP) was designed to span the range of uncertainty associated with model parameter uncertainty in the atmosphere of the driving global climate model. POLCOMS was run at 12 km resolution, with 32 vertical levels using s-coordinates over the NW European Shelf Seas domain (-18.3 to 14 degrees East, 43 to 63.56 degrees North). Monthly statistics of the model results were recorded. Further details can be found in Tinker et al (2015).

  • The data provided here are the numerical simulation data for the historical forcings-only short experiment (2014 – 2015 inclusive) as a test case for the upgraded Met Office HadGEM3-A based operational event attribution system for EUCLEIA (European Climate and weather Events: Interpretation and Attribution). Improvements include higher horizontal and vertical resolution (N216 L85) and the latest dynamical core (ENDGame) and land surface model (JULES). External forcings are historical natural variability of solar irradiance and volcanic aerosol optical depth as well as historical anthropogenic prescriptions of GHGs, ozone, aerosols and land use change. SST and SIC lower boundary conditions are provided from the HadISST observational dataset. The experiment comprises a 15 member stochastic physics ensemble using kinetic energy backscatter and randomly perturbed physics schemes. Ensemble members are initialised from dumps taken from 0000Z December 1st 2013 at the end of the corresponding multi-decadal validation experiment.

  • The data provided here are the numerical simulation data for the natural forcings-only version of the EUCLEIA multi-decadal experiment (1960 – 2013 inclusive) for the validation of the upgraded Met Office HadGEM3-A based operational event attribution system for EUCLEIA (European Climate and weather Events: Interpretation and Attribution). Improvements include higher horizontal and vertical resolution (N216 L85) and the latest dynamical core (ENDGame) and land surface model (JULES). External forcings are restricted to just historical natural variability of solar irradiance and volcanic aerosol optical depth. SST and SIC lower boundary conditions are provided from the HadISST observational dataset minus an estimate of the anthropogenic contribution derived from CMIP5 coupled model simulations. The experiment comprises a 15 member stochastic physics ensemble using kinetic energy backscatter and randomly perturbed physics schemes. All ensemble members share identical initialisation of the atmospheric state from ERA-40 reanalysis at 0000Z December 1st 1959. Atmospheric data are provided at temporal output resolutions of 3-hourly, 6-hourly, daily and monthly; land data are provided at daily and monthly resolutions.

  • These climate projections for the North-West European Shelf Seas update the shelf seas component of UKCP09 Marine Report (Lowe et al, 2009) and were funded by the MINERVA project. This dataset contains three ensemble exemplars for model output based on the QUMP (Quantifying Uncertainties in Model Projections) ensemble of HadCM3 (Hadley Centre Coupled Model version 3) runs downscaled with the POLCOMS (Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory Coastal Ocean Modelling System) under SRES A1B (Special Report on Emissons Scenarios - A1B business-as-usual with medium emissions) conditions, from 1952-2098 for which 30-year means anomalies have been calculated from monthly mean data for each of the 12 months. A Perturbed Physics Ensemble (PPE) of HadCM3 has been downscaled with the shelf seas model POLCOMS. Each of the 11 ensemble members has been downscaled as transient simulations (from 1952-2098) under the SRES A1B emissions scenario. The PPE (QUMP) was designed to span the range of uncertainty associated with model parameter uncertainty in the atmosphere of the driving global climate model. POLCOMS was run at 12 km resolution, with 32 vertical levels using s-coordinates over the NW European Shelf Seas domain (-18.3 to 14 degrees East, 43 to 63.56 degrees North). Monthly statistics of the model results were recorded. Further details can be found in Tinker et al (2015).

  • The data provided here are the numerical simulation data for the historical natural-only forcings-only short experiment (2014 – 2015 inclusive) as a test case for the upgraded Met Office HadGEM3-A based operational event attribution system for EUCLEIA (European Climate and weather Events: Interpretation and Attribution). Improvements include higher horizontal and vertical resolution (N216 L85) and the latest dynamical core (ENDGame) and land surface model (JULES). External forcings are restricted to just historical natural variability of solar irradiance and volcanic aerosol optical depth. SST and SIC lower boundary conditions are provided from the HadISST observational dataset minus an estimate of the anthropogenic contribution derived from CMIP5 coupled model simulations. The experiment comprises a 15 member stochastic physics ensemble using kinetic energy backscatter and randomly perturbed physics schemes. Ensemble members are initialised from dumps taken from 0000Z December 1st 2013 at the end of the corresponding multi-decadal validation experiment.

  • Single-polar products from the Met Office's Druim a'Starraig C-band rain radar, Isle of Lewis, Scotland. Data include reflectivity (from April 2012), CPA (from October 2011) and CPAPR (from September 2012). Dual-polar products from this site are available from 2018. The radar is a C-band (5.3 cm wavelength) radar and data are received by the Nimrod system at 5 minute intervals.

  • Cloud base and backscatter data from the Met Office's Vaisala Ct25k ceilometer located at Brize Norton, Oxfordshire. The Met Office's laser cloud base recorders network (LCBRs), or ceilometers, returns a range of products for use in forecasting and hazard detection. The backscatter profiles can allow detection of aerosol species such as volcanic ash where suitable instrumentation is deployed.

  • Range corrected lidar signal and volume depolarisation ratio data from the Met Office's Raymetrics LR111-D300 lidar located at the Met Office observations enclosure near Portglenone, County Antrim, Northern Ireland. Data available from June 2018 onwards, though the instrument is only operated sporadically (see below for further details). This instrument is one of a suite of 10 Raman lidars deployed by the Met Office around the UK to complement a wider network of ceilometers within the "LIDARNET" upper air monitoring network. Returns from these instruments form a range of products for use in forecasting and hazard detection. The backscatter profiles can allow detection of aerosol species such as volcanic ash where suitable instrumentation is deployed. The primary aim of the Raman lidar network is the detection and quantification of volcanic ash aerosols during a volcanic event, and the network is only test fired only for a few hours each week. Outside of these times the lidars may be fired if there is a mineral dust outbreak or other such aerosol event of interest. The lidars will not fire if any precipitation is detected. Raman channel data are not presently available from this instrument in the CEDA archives.

  • Synoptic charts from the Met Office's Cyclone Database, constructed from output stored in the database covering 2000-2005. The database holds lists of cyclones, their types and structural information about each cyclone and associated features as derived from analysis of the UK Met Office Unified Model. Database raw data available in its own dataset within this collection.

  • The UK soil temperature data contain daily and hourly values of soil temperatures at depths of 5, 10, 20, 30, 50, and 100 centimetres. The measurements were recorded by observation stations operated by the Met Office across the UK and transmitted within NCM or DLY3208 messages. The data spans from 1900 to 2017. At many stations temperatures below the surface are measured at various depths. The depths used today are 5, 10, 20, 30 and 100cm, although measurements are not necessarily made at all these depths at a station and exceptionally measurements may be made at other depths. When imperial units were in general use, typically before 1961, the normal depths of measurement were 4, 8, 12, 24 and 48 inches. Liquid-in-glass soil thermometers at a depth of 20 cm or less are unsheathed and have a bend in the stem between the bulb and the lowest graduation. At greater depths the thermometer is suspended in a steel tube and has its bulb encased in wax. This dataset is part of the Midas-open dataset collection made available by the Met Office under the UK Open Government Licence, containing only UK mainland land surface observations owned or operated by Met Office. It is a subset of the fuller, restricted Met Office Integrated Data Archive System (MIDAS) Land and Marine Surface Stations dataset, also available through the Centre for Environmental Data Analysis - see the related dataset section on this record.